key WHAT IS THIS? Is this an award of merit to a world-renowned nephrologist? A teaching tool for medical students? Or something that has quite a different purpose? How does it tie in with a similar replica of the kidney used 3000 years ago?

Dr. Shaldon

Development of Hemodialysis: From Access to Machines

This lecture is a special treat. Dr. Stanley Shaldon, one of the pioneers of hemodialysis, inventor of the Shaldon femoral venous dialysis catheter, and one of the first nephrologists to emphasize self-care and home hemodialysis recounts how both technical and organizational problems of dialyzing patients were addressed and overcome in the 1950 - 1970 period. Included are six short video clips showing the Kolff kidney, the Alwall Kidney, Scribner shunt, monitoring devices, and some early self-care patients. (more...)

Dr. Kjellstrand

History of Dialysis: Men and Ideas

This talk was part of a tribute to the 50th anniversary of the first hemodialysis treatment given in Lund by Prof. Nils Alwall. Dr. Kjellstrand shows the notebook page recording the first patient treated, and then discusses how three streams of technological development: anticoagulation, membranes, and knowledge of uremia, converged during the early 20th century, making the process of dialysis possible. (more...)

Updated: December 14, 2015 (Dec14)
Dec14 Even more news on the new HDCN Facebook page!
Aug27 Video library relating to history of dialysis available at the ISHD website
Apr30 Atherosclerosis found in mummified remains of humans from preindustrial civilizations.
Dec20 Elizabeth Barrett Browning had a disease having to do with potassium balance?
Apr29 Medical History: Kidney-related excerpts from the Encyclopedie of Diderot and D'Alembert
May29 Renal research in 19th century Germany.
May28 Neurosurgical journal find concealed images of human brain and spinal cord in Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel drawing.
Nov29 The Royal Society published 350 years of scientific history on Trailblazing website.
Sep27 AJKD: Five decades of nephrology in India, by dr. Kirpal Chugh
Aug18 Did Mozart die of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?
May06 Danish kidney specialist authors book on Napoleon's kidney disease.
Apr11 One thousand 2007-2009 audiofiles and slide/audio talks added to HDCN's 20 topic-related channels.
M29 Link to slide/audio and audio symposia on HDCN
D30 Scientists isolate genes that made 1918 flu lethal.
D29 Nephrology Oral History Project posts initial interviews on the web.
Industry Advances Emphasis
History of the Practice of Nephrology (Himmelfarb) ASN Renal Week 2007
The origins of the RPA and the early years (Sadler) RPA 1998 Annual Meeting
The RPA turns 25: A retrospective (Paganini) RPA 1998 Annual Meeting
Nephrology (and the RPA) of the future (Nissenson) RPA 1998 Annual Meeting
A brief history of peritoneal dialysis (Oreopoulos) CAPD 1998 Satellite
Development of the NKF-DOQI guidelines (Eknoyan) ASN 1997 Satellite
Renal Therapy in Lund: Homage to Nils Alwall (Klinkmann) Nordic Nephrology Days
History of Dialysis: Men and Ideas (Kjellstrand) Nordic Nephrology Days

Willem Johan "Pim" Kolff Bionics for Humans in Any Season Dial Transplant (May 2009)
Emergence of the Concept of Acute Kidney Injury (Eknoyan) Advances in CKD (July 2008)
Glucose in the dialysate: Historical perspective and possible implications? Hemodial Int (Apr 2008)
Early History of Dialysis: View from Seattle (CR Blagg) Am J Kidney Dis (03-07)
A History of Obesity, or How What Was Good Became Ugly and Then Bad (Eknoyan) Adv Chronic Kidney Dis 10-06
RPA history
ISN Video Legacy
ISN Archives in Amsterdam
Dialysis and Tx in Edinburgh
Roscoe R. Robinson History of Nephrology Collection
History of Nephrology (Karger)
NLM History of Medicine
Guide to Collections of Artificial Organs History (2nd ed)
Images: History of Medicine
History of Vascular Access
Topic Pages

Dr. Garabed Eknoyan, M.D.
Professor of Medicine Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.