17th Annual CAPD Conference --Feb: 1997

Selected Abstracts

Dialysis, Chronic Renal Failure

Adequacy, prescription, urea kinetics

d Effects of different dialysis schedules on anemia and hypertension
d Long-term results of a dialytic schedule with increased frequency of HD sessions

GI/Liver, Hepatitis

d Peritoneal dialysis in 15 cirrhotic patients with chronic renal failure: long term study
d Gastric emptying in patients with ESRD, CAPD or hemodialysis
d CPD using closed-system automated PD is effective in the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis

CRF in Women

d Patient-reported hemoperitoneum and its relation to menstruation in women on PD: Results of a patient survey

Joint disease, beta-2 microglobulin

d Peritoneal dialysis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a single-center experience


d Psychological adjustment to compliance, depression, and staff social support: their relation to objective compliance in ESRD patients


d Total dose iron infusion: a time saving cost effective method of iron replacement
d Importance of iron saturation for erythropoietin responsiveness in chronic peritoneal dialysis
d Clinical experience with intraperitoneal EPO in adult patients on peritoneal dialysis
d Pharmacokinetics of IP EPO in CAPD patients following instillation into a dry peritoneum

Bone disease/aluminum

d Frequent relapse of secondary hyperparathyroidism after oral pulse calcitriol administration in peritoneal dialysis patients
d Magnesium and parathyroid hormone levels in peritoneal dialysis patients

CRF and diabetes

d Peripheral vascular disease in diabetic patients on PD receiving EPO

CRF in infants and children

d Improved dialysis dose by optimizing intraperitoneal volume prescription thanks to intraperitoneal pressure measurements in children


d Orexigen and anorexigen plasma levels in peritoneal dialysis patients. Their relationship with nutritional parameters.
d CQI process decreases malnutrition in peritoneal dialysis patients

Outcomes (Morbidity, Mortality)

d An evaluation of the causes which lead to transfer from peritoneal dialysis
d Characteristics of long-term peritoneal dialysis patients
d Post-transplant renovascular thrombosis is not more common in CAPD recipients

PD catheters

d Prevention of exit-site infection with hypertonic saline
d Cost efficiency of temporary subcutaneous implantation of peritoneal dialysis catheter
d Effective titanium adapter disinfection for PD transfer set change procedure

Complications of PD

d Does a large dialysate volume (2.5 liters) increase hernia formation in CAPD?
d Can an elevated intraperitoneal pressure predict PD complications?
d Peritoneography and peritoneal computerized tomography in CAPD patients

PET testing

d Relationship between glucose and calcium in the glycation of collagen matrix when exposed to peritoneal fluids


d Water channel AQP1, 3, 4 in the human peritoneum and peritoneal dialysate
d Effect of posture on intraperitoneal pressure (Pip) and peritoneal permeability in children
d Differences in fluid transport between diabetic and non-diabetic patients at the onset of CAPD

PD procedure: tips

d Temporary stoppage of PD when laparoscopic procedures are performed on patients undergoing CAPD/CCPD: a change in policy

Peritonitis and exit-site infection

d Is the treatment of beta-lactam-sensitive infections without vancomycin possible?
d Teicoplanin-cefotaxime vs. vancomycin-tobramycin as initial treatment of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis
d The relationship between exit-site infection and peritonitis
d Reduction of infectious complications by temporary subcutaneous implantation of PD catheters
d Management of Pseudomonal exit-site infection
d Accuracy of a polyclonal vancomycin immunoassay in peritoneal dialysis
d Well-water related peritonitis
d The effect of aminoglycoside use on residual renal function in PD patients
d Reduced incidence of peritonitis by utilizing "flush before fill" in APD
d 2-Gram intraperitoneal cefazolin for the treatment of peritonitis
d Outcomes of gram-positive peritonitis and gram-negative peritonitis

Chronic PD regimens, adequacy, modeling

d Measuring compliance with prescribed exchanges in PD patients
d Dialysate/plasma urea and creatinine in 24 hour clearance studies in CAPD, CCPD, and NPD
d Patient tolerance of 2, 2.5, and 3 L PD exchange volumes
d Adequate dialysis is achievable among almost all anuric peritoneal dialysis patients


d Transient thrombocytopenia in peritoneal dialysis patients associated with niacin
d The effect of change of renal replacement therapy on plasma lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] concentration


d The study of ACE converting enzyme polymorphism on CAPD patients

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